Other Conditions

An Addiction is a health disorder where you are unable to stop doing something that is causing harm to you or others. The most common Addictions are to alcohol, tobacco, drugs, and gambling. Addiction is often chronic, which means it goes on for a long time. It is also relapsing, meaning that you might go back to the addiction a few times on your path to recovery. An Addiction can take over your life, affecting your health, work, study, relationships, and finances.

Types of Addiction

People can develop an addiction to:

  • Alcohol
  • Tobacco
  • Prescription drugs
  • Street drugs
  • Solvents
  • Activities like gambling, shopping, computer games, exercise, or eating.
Signs and symptoms

At the start, you might start to notice problems with close relationships and your moods. As addiction gets worse you might:

  • need more to get the same effect
  • have withdrawal symptoms or feel sick if you stop
  • sometimes use more than you mean to
  • priorities the addiction over other things
  • keep going even though you know it is bad for you or others you care about
  • Try to cut down but can’t.

If you are worried about yourself or someone you know, even if you aren’t sure if the problem is ‘an addiction’, it’s important to seek help.


Recovery is when you feel like you are back on track in your life, not just when you stop the addictive behavior.
Most people do recover from addiction, although for some it takes a long time.
Expect recovery, The majority of people who have an addiction will recover.

Relapse and Addiction

Relapse is very common. Consider it a normal part of the recovery journey.
Stress is the most common reason for people to relapse. If you are recovering it’s important to think through ways you might deal with stressful situations.
Treatments work best when you expect to relapse and plan for it.

How can we help?
  • Online counseling
  • motivational interviewing and cognitive behavior therapy
  • medication
  • group therapy (including support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous)
  • family therapy
  • Detox programs at home
  • Rehab at home

At Hellodoc, we have Psychiatrists and Psychologists who can assess, diagnose, and manage Addiction and related conditions.

If you and your loved ones need assessment, please contact us after obtaining a referral from your GP.

Reference : https://www.yourhealthinmind.org/mental-illnesses-disorders/addiction.

ADHD in Adults

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health condition.
In people with ADHD, there are differences in the parts of the brain that control our ability to plan, organize and focus.
Symptoms start in childhood. About half of children with ADHD continue to have problems into adulthood. Sometimes ADHD is missed in childhood and only gets noticed later in life. Having ADHD can make family life, study, work and friendships difficult.

Main Features
  • Difficulty paying attention.
  • hyperactivity
  • impulsivity

The exact causes of ADHD are unknown, but there are factors that are thought to contribute:

  • brain injury or infection
  • a lack of oxygen, or exposure to alcohol or nicotine before birth
  • premature birth
  • Difficult experiences in early childhood.
Sign and Symptoms
  • Inattention
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsivity

Often, people with ADHD feel quite frustrated and can become anxious or depressed at not being able to achieve their full potential.

Sleep problems and relationship issues can be the reason that people initially seek treatment. If symptoms are affecting your daily life, work or relationships you should seek help.


Many people who are diagnosed with ADHD in childhood have fewer symptoms as they get older.

Other people will have some symptoms for their whole life. With the right approach, chances are you will be able to manage your illness well.

How Can We Help?

Psychiatrists are the best-placed specialists to diagnose and treat adults with ADHD.

We can:

  • make a diagnosis
  • make a diagnosis
  • devise a management plan
  • diagnose and treat any other mental health issues, including depression or alcohol and drug use
  • prescribe medication
  • keep track of any medication side effects and your physical health
  • link you to counseling and mentoring for people with ADHD

At Hellodoc, we have Psychiatrists and Psychologists who can assess, diagnose, and manage ADHD and related conditions.

If you and your loved ones need assessment, please contact us after obtaining a referral from your GP.

Reference: https://www.yourhealthinmind.org/mental-illnesses-disorders/adhd-in-adults

Autism spectrum disorder impacts the nervous system. The range and severity of symptoms can vary widely. Common symptoms include difficulty with communication, difficulty with social interactions, obsessive interests and repetitive behaviours. Early recognition, as well as behavioural, educational and family therapies may reduce symptoms and support development and learning.

There is a huge variation in the way that Autism affects a person’s life, from social and relationship issues to daily activities, school and work.

A person with Autism has problems with:

  • communication
  • repetitive behaviour
  • sensory issues
Signs and symptoms of Autism

Usually appear in early childhood.

In child you may notice:

  • a lack of interest in other children
  • not saying any words by age 2
  • not making eye contact with you
  • not showing you things they find, not pointing or waving goodbye
  • repetitive play
  • intense, narrow interests
  • seeking out sensations
  • avoiding sensations
  • tantrums or discomfort when a routine changes
  • Hand flapping, walking on tip-toe or rocking back and forth.

In an adult you might notice:

  • difficulty joining conversations and knowing what to say in social situations
  • effort or anxiety in working out what others mean when they are talking
  • trouble making friends
  • trouble forming or keeping relationships
  • intense interest in particular subjects
  • Anxiety or depression

In Australia, autism is diagnosed through discussion and assessment by a multidisciplinary team, psychiatrist, psychologist or paediatrician.

Why get a diagnosis?

In children, a diagnosis will:

  • allow you to get help with their speech, learning and socialising
  • ropen up a range of government and community services to help you and your child
  • allow your child’s school to receive government funding
  • Help you to understand and learn about your child’s behaviour

For adults a diagnosis may be useful for:

  • getting a better understanding of any difficulties you have
  • learning useful ways to cope
  • finding a community of people who are going through the same thing
  • Getting proper treatment for any mental health issues

People with Autism can also have intellectual disability, ADHD, or gastrointestinal issues.

In adulthood, mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder can be common.


Autism can’t be cured. But there are ways to make life easier for someone with Autism and
their family. Language skills, socialising and the ability to perform daily tasks can be
improved in all children with Autism.


In rare cases, a psychiatrist might prescribe medication to help with extreme self-harm or aggression.
Medication may also be recommended for depression or anxiety.

How Can We Help?

We can:

  • make a diagnosis of autism alongside a team of other health professionals
  • diagnose and treat ADHD, depression, anxiety or bipolar disorder
  • prescribe medication if required
  • provide referrals to speech therapists, neurologists, paediatricians, occupational therapists and psychologists

At Hellodoc, we have psychiatrists and psychologists who can assess, diagnose, and manage Autism and related conditions.

If you and your loved ones need assessment, please contact us after obtaining a referral from your GP.

Reference : https://www.yourhealthinmind.org/mental-illnesses-disorders/autism .

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that affects a person’s mood and energy levels.
Everyone has highs and lows, but a person with bipolar have extreme ups and downs in mood. These mood changes can be distressing for them and other people. They can affect how they live their life, and even put them in risky situations. Between these mood swings, however, they feel and act normally.
People with bipolar disorder have times when their highs are extreme and they have too much energy. These highs are called ‘mania’ when severe, or ‘hypomania’ when less severe. Most people with bipolar disorder also have times when they feel extremely down. They can feel hopeless, helpless or empty. This is called bipolar depression.
In the past, bipolar disorder was called ‘manic depression’.
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong condition, but with the right treatment the symptoms can be well controlled.

Types of bipolar disorder

People with bipolar I disorder have mania, and most also have depression.
People with bipolar II disorder have hypomania and depression.

Causes of bipolar disorder

There is no single cause of bipolar disorder. It can be caused by different things in different people.
We know that bipolar disorder changes how the brain works, and this causes symptoms of mental illness.

Some things that make it more likely that someone will develop bipolar disorder are:

  • having particular genes
  • stress while a child or teenager (e.g. trauma or illness)
  • using drugs
Symptoms of bipolar disorder

People with bipolar disorder have extreme highs (mania or hypomania) and most also have lows (bipolar depression).

Different people have these in different combinations. For example, people can have:

  • mostly mania/hypomania
  • mostly depression
  • depression followed by mania/hypomania
  • features of both at the same time (this is called 'mixed states')

Between these mood swings, however, they feel and act normally.
People with bipolar disorder usually have depression for much more of the time than they have mania or hypomania.
Bipolar is different for everyone, but a common pattern is that someone will have at least one episode of bipolar symptoms every few years, with each episode lasting for a few months.
Some people have 'rapid cycling' bipolar, which means they have at least 4 episodes per year.

Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is diagnosed based on a person’s symptoms and behaviour.
The diagnosis is usually made by a psychiatrist. Some GPs and clinical psychologists can also diagnose bipolar disorder.
To make a diagnosis, a doctor needs to spend time with the person so they can understand them and their symptoms. The doctor may not make a diagnosis right away. Sometimes they might want to see how the person goes over time, before making a diagnosis.
A medical check-up and tests are needed to make sure the symptoms are not caused by other medical conditions.

Recovery from bipolar disorder

Over time, a person with bipolar disorder can get to know their symptoms better, and learn how to stay well.
While there is no cure for bipolar disorder, it can be treated effectively with medication and psychological treatment and the symptoms can be well controlled. This means many people with bipolar disorder can live full lives. Many people with bipolar disorder have responsible jobs and successful careers.

Treatments for bipolar disorder
  • medications for mania, hypomania and depression
  • medication to stop symptoms returning
  • psychological treatments (talking therapies)

Our health-care team will work together to find the treatment that works best for you.

At Hellodoc, we have Psychiatrists and Psychologists who can assess, diagnose, and manage bipolar disorder and related conditions.

If you and your loved ones need assessment, please contact us after obtaining a referral from your GP.

Reference : https://www.yourhealthinmind.org/mental-illnesses-disorders/bipolar-disorder.

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental illness that:

  • makes it hard for a person to feel comfortable in themselves
  • causes problems controlling emotions and impulses
  • causes problems relating to other people.

People with BPD have high levels of distress and anger. They can easily take offence at things other people do or say. People with BPD might struggle with painful thoughts and beliefs about themselves and other people. This can cause distress in their work life, family life and social life. Some people with BPD harm themselves.

For most people with BPD, symptoms begin during their teenage years or as a young adult, then improve during adult life.BPD is a condition of the brain and mind. If someone has BPD, it is not their fault and they did not cause it.

What causes BPD?

The exact causes of BPD are not yet known. It is probably caused by genes as well as experiences – not just one or the other.

For a person who is naturally very sensitive, life problems while growing up might be especially damaging. These problems could include bad experiences or having another mental health condition.

It is not possible to predict who will develop BPD.

Symptoms of BPD

Someone with BPD will have several of these signs or symptoms:

  • Being prone to fear that other people might leave them
  • Having relationships that are unusually intense and unstable
  • Being very unsure about themselves
  • taking risks or acting impulsively in ways that could be harmful
  • Repeatedly harming themselves, showing suicidal behaviour, or talking and thinking about committing suicide
  • Experiencing short-lived but intense emotional ‘lows’ or times of irritability or anxiety. This is usually only for a few hours at a time but sometimes this can last longer
  • Experiencing a persistent feeling of being ‘empty’ inside
  • Experiencing anger that is unusually intense, and out of proportion to whatever triggered the anger, and being unable to control it
  • When stressed, becoming highly suspicious of others or experiencing unusual feelings of being detached from their own emotions, body or surroundings
Diagnosis of BPD

There is no test for BPD. It can only be diagnosed by a mental health professional after talking to the person and getting to know them.

The diagnosis of BPD can be made if a person has several of the signs or features. There are many combinations of these features, so people with a diagnosis of BPD can seem very different from one another.

If someone has signs of BPD, their doctor or psychologist will carefully ask questions about their life, experiences and symptoms before making the diagnosis. It could take more than one session to be sure of the diagnosis, because some of the symptoms of BPD are similar to the symptoms of other mental health conditions.

BPD is usually not diagnosed in children before puberty.

Recovery from BPD

With treatment, most people with BPD recover from their symptoms for at least some of the time. If someone recovers there’s a good chance they won’t develop symptoms again.

Most people find that their symptoms improve within a few years after getting the diagnosis.

BPD is a treatable condition and most people with BPD can recover.

How can we Help?

Psychological treatments (talking therapies) are the best way to treat BPD. These treatments usually involve talking with a health professional one-to-one.

Medication is not recommended as a person’s main treatment for BPD.

At Hellodoc, we have Psychiatrists and Psychologists who can assess, diagnose, and manage borderline personality disorder and related conditions.

If you and your loved ones need assessment, please contact us after obtaining a referral from your GP.

Reference : https://www.yourhealthinmind.org/mental-illnesses-disorders/borderline-personality-disorder

Dementia is a medical condition where damage to brain cells causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior.
It's uncommon in people aged under 60. By age 85 around 1 in 5 people will have dementia.
While we all get a bit more forgetful as we get older, dementia is different. It is not a 'normal' part of ageing.
Most dementias are progressive, which means they get worse over time.
There are, however, medications and a range of supports – financial, emotional and physical – to help a person with dementia and their family and friends.

Causes Of Dementia

Dementia is most commonly caused by:

  • Alzheimer’s disease (tangles and plaques on the nerves connecting brain cells)
  • Vascular dementia (caused by strokes or blockages of blood vessels in the brain)
  • Lewy body disease (proteins in the brain that damage cells)
  • Fronto-temporal dementia (in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain)

A person's genes, environment and lifestyle play a part in whether someone will develop these diseases.
In most cases, doctors and researchers can't predict who will develop dementia.
Age is the greatest risk factor. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking and family history are other risks.
Aboriginal Australians are more likely to get dementia. They are also more likely to get it at a younger age.

Symptoms of Dementia

At first you might notice problems with:

  • your short-term memory (remembering what happened a few days or minutes ago)
  • your ability to remember appointments, or the correct day / date

you might notice:

  • making more mistakes at work or at home
  • losing things or putting them in strange places
  • finding hobbies such as sewing, knitting, or carpentry more difficult
  • having trouble keeping track of characters and plots in books or movies

As dementia progresses you might:

  • have trouble working out where you are, or what time of day it is
  • withdraw from family, friends and social activities
  • be unable to remember names, events, places, things and faces
  • have mood swings, depression or anxiety
  • experience hallucinations
  • have changes in your personality
  • have changes in your behavior – you might feel angry or be less inhibited
  • be unable to walk, wash or dress
  • have problems eating or swallowing

The early symptoms of dementia can be vague.
If you have concerns about yourself or someone else you should seek help.


Early and accurate diagnosis of dementia will rule out other treatable issues
Dementia symptoms can be confused with symptoms of depression, infections and other conditions.
Your doctor will only diagnose dementia after a full assessment.
That includes:

  • a medical history
  • tests of your memory, thinking, mood and behaviour
  • blood tests
  • a brain scan
How Can we Help You?

Our healthcare team can

  • assess for dementia
  • make a diagnosis of dementia
  • help you and your family or careers manage the illness
  • treat any depression, anxiety or psychotic symptoms (e.g. hallucinations)
  • help with behavioral issues such as aggression
  • review your medications to find out if they are causing problems with memory and thinking
  • link you into community services
  • home
  • home

We can help you reach psychiatrists who are experts in treating dementia.
There are medications that can help with the symptoms of dementia.

At Hellodoc, we have Psychiatrists and Psychologists who can assess, diagnose, and manage Dementia and related conditions.

If you and your loved ones need assessment, please contact us after obtaining a referral from your GP.

Reference: https://www.yourhealthinmind.org/mental-illnesses-disorders/dementia

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that affects how the brain works. People with schizophrenia experience psychosis, which means they can have serious problems with thinking clearly, emotions, and knowing what is real and what is not.
This can include hearing or seeing things that are not there (hallucinations), and having very strange beliefs that are abnormal or not true (delusions).
Having psychosis often makes a person want to keep away from other people. They may have problems understanding other people’s emotions, and may feel depressed or irritable.
Other illnesses similar to schizophrenia include schizoaffective disorder and schizophreniform disorder.
While there is currently no cure for schizophrenia, it can be treated effectively with medication and psychological treatment.

What causes schizophrenia?

The causes of schizophrenia are not yet fully understood.
Some things that make it more likely that someone will develop schizophrenia are:

  • having particular genes
  • physical injuries to the brain
  • traumatic experiences
  • using drugs such as cannabis

Like many other illnesses, schizophrenia runs in families. People with a parent, brother or sister who has schizophrenia have a higher chance of developing schizophrenia. However, most people who have a family member with schizophrenia will not develop the illness themselves.

Symptoms of schizophrenia

Symptoms vary from person to person, and commonly include:

  • hearing or seeing things that are not real (hallucinations)
  • having very strange beliefs (delusions)
  • unusual thinking and speech
  • having problems thinking clearly
  • not being able to make decisions and having trouble making plans
  • having trouble interpreting other people’s emotions and motives
  • Suicidal thoughts

Some symptoms are described as ‘positive’ and others as ‘negative’.
Common ‘positive’ symptoms are hallucinations and delusions. (These are called ‘positive’ because they are extra experiences that are not part of normal experience).

Common ‘negative’ symptoms are: a loss of enjoyment of things, being unable to feel emotions, loss of interest in being with other people, and not being bothered to do anything. (These are called ‘negative’ because something is missing).

How is schizophrenia diagnosed?

Psychiatrists diagnose schizophrenia based on a person’s symptoms and behaviour. They will only make a diagnosis after they have spent time with the person, carefully collected information and considered other possible causes.

Getting the correct diagnosis can be difficult and take time. Having hallucinations or delusions does not mean a person definitely has schizophrenia. Other medical conditions and other mental illnesses can cause similar symptoms.

There is no test for schizophrenia and no special sign that proves someone has it.
Tests such as brain scans are sometimes needed, to make sure the symptoms are not caused by other brain problems or medical conditions.

Treatment of Schizophrenia

The best treatment for schizophrenia is a combination of medication, psychological treatment and community support.

At Hellodoc, we have Psychiatrists and Psychologists who can assess, diagnose, and manage Schizophrenia and related conditions.

If you and your loved ones need assessment, please contact us after obtaining a referral from your GP.

Reference : https://www.yourhealthinmind.org/mental-illnesses-disorders/schizophrenia .


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